New fieldwork activity at the site of Vrbicka Cave (Montenegro)
Saturday 3. October 2015. at 09:01h
In November 2015, excavations resumed at Vrbička Cave. Flotation samples were collected from all excavated layers (Late and Early Neolithic, Mesolithic). In the course of the field season these were transported to an artificial lake near Nikšić for an extensive programme of flotation. All samples from Mesolithic levels were processed and partly sorted, yielding charcoal and charred remains of plants. Previously, the Mesolithic layer yielded the remains of hazelnut husks (identified by D. Filipović, Belgrade, Serbia) while charcoal identification (by E. Allué, Tarragona, Spain) determined the presence of pinewood (Pinus sylvestris and Fraxinus) in the same level.
Previous excavation work in this cave took place in 2012 and 2013, which provided clear evidence of Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic occupation deposits in addition to the top layers with poorly defined later prehistoric occupation that also included some impresso sherds in the tradition of the earliest Neolithic of the eastern Adriatic region.
The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research (University of Cambridge) funded field activity in 2015. The partner institutions in Montenegro are the Centre for Conservation and Archaeology in Cetinje and the National Museum and the Centre for Culture in Nikšić. Dejan Gazivoda and Nikola Borovinić from Cetinja and Zvezdana Vušović-Lučić from Nikšić were local partners on the project with Cardiff and Belgrade Universities also being involved as partners. The project partner from Cardiff University is Dr Dušan Borić and from Belgrade University, Prof. Dušan Mihailović. Undergraduate and postgraduate students from Serbia, Montenegro, and Poland took part in the fieldwork phase of the project.